After COVID-19: What Will Be the Long-Term Emotional Effects?

We hear that we’re headed in the right direction as the curve continues to flatten and states begin to loosen restrictions and open up. For the first time, there may be a light at the end of the tunnel. Great news! 

But as encouraging as this news may be, many remain fearful of opening up too soon, instigating a second wave. Regardless of who’s right or wrong, there will come a day when we will be without COVID-19 (my lips to God’s ears, eh?). And as we begin to heal our broken lives, many of us may find our psychological recovery lagging far behind the scourge of this pandemic. This pandemic has ravaged us physically and economically, but what’s not reported is how this pandemic has, and will, infect our mental health going forward.

In combat, we have many names for the devastating psychological repercussions of battle — PTSD, shell shock, battle fatigue, war neurosis, and so on. Regardless of what it’s called, the contributing circumstances are essentially the same — trauma, prolonged stress and fear coupled with feelings of helplessness and loss of control. Sound familiar? 

As we begin to experience the aftershocks of COVID-19 there will continue to be victims, not physical victims, but victims suffering from post-traumatic, psychological wounds. 

How could this not be the case? 

Clearly there’s a big difference between combat and sheltering in place. But nevertheless, there are similarities. And these similarities predispose us to an aftermath of emotional disturbance. Surely not everyone will suffer long-term emotional interruption in their lives, but everyone, from the eight year old who couldn’t see his grandma, to the pregnant mother facing an uncertain delivery, to the nursing home resident confined to one room — has been emotionally tainted.

We now prepare to enter a familiar yet changed world. Boarded up store fronts, face masks, latex gloves, plexiglass barriers and so on will no doubt contribute to a wariness, an undercurrent of social distrust brought about by our months of isolating. How long will it take before we feel comfortable sitting in a theater, going to a ball game or eating in a restaurant? What if someone reflexively extends their hand in friendship, or sits next to us in a bus or subway? What will we do? What will we feel? No one knows. 

Even once COVID-19 is in our rearview mirror, many of us will have a post-traumatic legacy that will continue to disrupt our lives and families. Few of us will be exempt from some degree of contamination. This will be the new abnormal normal. But humans are resilient; if it weren’t so, we would have long ago become extinct. As the days and months go by, our emotional sensitivity to COVID-19 will become less obvious, less painful, more muted. Every so often, something might trigger a response — someone pressing up against you while waiting in line at the Post Office, a co-worker sneezing in your direction, having to touch a doorknob or shopping cart — and without thinking, knee-jerk-like, you might find yourself re-experiencing old fears and emotions. Such is the nature of post-trauma. 

Patience, this too shall pass.

Now is the time to begin to fortify ourselves and our psyches for what’s ahead in a post-virus world. Although paradoxical, it’s not unusual that, as things continue to improve, we may actually see an uptick in our level of distress. Why? Because for the last few months we’ve been in a kind of automatic survival mode — less thinking, more protecting. It’s as if we’ve been holding our breath under water and are finally able to reach the surface and gasp a breath, only to realize how close we came to drowning. But as we start to catch our collective breaths, we’ll begin to feel the toll our stress has taken, and how depleted we are, mentally as well as physically.

Realize that as the intensity and stress of these past few months begin to flatten along with that damn curve (!), your emotions may lag behind. This is normal and should be expected. Don’t think that your psyche hasn’t been affected by what you’ve gone through — it has! 

Hopefully soon, we will be headed for a post-virus reclamation of our lives. Emotional desensitization will occur naturally over time as long as we’re patient.  

But in order to neutralize the lingering traumatic effects of COVID-19, we don’t want to be needlessly indulging insecurity-driven, reflexive ruminations, or revisiting old doubts, fears, or negatives. These are self-protective habits we’ve adopted during the crisis. But habits are learned and all habits — even habits acquired emotionally during a pandemic — can be neutralized and broken. 

Here are some Self-Coaching tips for emotional recovery:

1. Don’t hesitate to contact a mental health professional if your struggle begins to interfere with you day-to-day functioning. 

2. Expect to have emotional hesitations about resuming a more normal life. These feeling should be short-lived; simply ride them out without feeling something’s wrong. 

3. At first, don’t force yourself to do things that feel uncomfortable. Keep in mind that desensitization is a process. In time you will begin to see your old self and emotional life emerging.

4. Be willing to share with others your concerns and fears, and you’ll find that you’re not alone. 

5. Anxious or depressed moods may be part of your transition. With any mood, you’re either starving or feeding it. You feed anxiety or depression by allowing doubts, fears and negative thoughts to go unchecked. 

6. Beware of “what-if” worrying. All worry is geared toward an anticipation of future problems or chaos. Stay present, tomorrow will take care of itself.

*      *      *

Dr. Joe Luciani has been a practicing clinical psychologist for more than 40 years. He’s the internationally bestselling author of the Self-Coaching series of books, now published in 10 languages. His latest book is, Unlearning Anxiety & Depression: The 4-Step Self-Coaching Program to Reclaim Your Life (Goodman Beck, April 28, 2020). He appears frequently on national TV, radio and online, and has been featured in numerous national media sites. Learn more at


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101 Responses to After COVID-19: What Will Be the Long-Term Emotional Effects?

  1. Heidi-Marie says:

    Thanks for the self-coaching tips for emotional recovery. We look forward to seeing light at the end of the tunnel though COVID-19 seems to affirm the absurdity of life as seen in
    Does the effect of COVID-19 on our lives affirm the absurdity of life?

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  3. Ariana says:

    This is a great article, it will really help people post COVID-19 how to handle situation.

  4. Anonymous says:

    Very thorough understanding of post traumatic syndrome. Its insidious and I’m grateful you present it so well. Better days ahead!

  5. buy now says:

    This is a great topic needs to be discussed! Thanks

  6. call says:

    Many of us are clearly struggling with the recent pandemic that we are experiencing right now. We just need to pray even harder.

  7. Mike says:

    Millions of Americans will be impacted by COVID-19-related illness, loss, grief, anxiety, isolation, and PTSD. And, perhaps counterintuitively, some of us will come out stronger. Experts weigh in on what we can expect from living through a global pandemic.

  8. Helen Sitler says:

    Several of the points you make about re-entry resonate. Thanks for this.

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  19. cindy says:

    We are definitely already feeling the mental health effects of Covid-19 on society and individuals. It’s going to be extremely important and interesting to see how our society can respond.

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