Learn to Understand Your Own Intelligence

Three years ago I listened to a lecture on cognition that changed the way I think about intelligence. This is the crux. There are two types of cognition. The first is normal cognition. This is the ability to retrieve knowledge from memory. When you are asked a question on a test and produce an answer, that’s a display of cognitive ability. The second type of cognition is metacognition; the ability to know whether or not you know.

Have you ever been asked a question that you knew the answer to, but you couldn’t find the right word? This is called the “tip of the tongue” phenomenon and I’m sure we’ve all experienced it. You know that you know the answer, but you fail to produce it. If someone said an answer, you would know instantly if it was correct or not. In these cases metacognition exists without cognition.

In short, cognition is knowing, metacognition is knowing if you know or not. Both can exist together, but many times they don’t.

How Does this Affect Intelligence?

So what importance does this have and how is it relevant to self improvement? The fact that there are two different kinds of cognitive ability means that there are different types of intelligence.

In traditional education, intelligence is measured by cognitive ability. For some people this is works well. They can easily produce everything they know on a test. But for others it doesn’t work out so well. The people that know something cold but can’t find the right words on a test are awarded with poor grades and considered inferior.

But does this inability make them any less intelligent? They know the answer. If the question came up on a task, they could refer to a book or a quick Google search. In reality they’re just as effective as the people that aced the test. They just can’t prove it as easily.

The Importance of Knowing what you know

Unless you’re taking a test or playing Jeopardy, metacognition is more important to success than cognition. In real life, when you’re faced with a question the first decision is whether you know the answer or not. With strong metacognitive ability this is easy. If you know the answer, but can’t come up with it, you can always do a bit of research. If you know for sure that you don’t know, then you can start educating yourself. Because you’re aware of your ignorance, you don’t act with foolish confidence. The person who thinks they know something that they really don’t makes the worst decisions.

A person with poor cognitive ability, but great metacognitive ability is actually in great shape. They might do poorly in school, but when faced with a challenge they understand their abilities and take the best course of action. These people might not seem intelligent at first glance, but because they know what they know, they make better decisions and learn the most important things.

Clever but mediocre people

At the opposite end of the spectrum are people with great cognitive ability but poor metacognitive ability. These people are proclaimed geniuses at a young age for acing every test and getting great SAT scores. Unfortunately, they’ve been ruined by poor metacognition; they think they know everything but they really don’t. They are arrogant, fail to learn from mistakes, and don’t understand the nuances of personal relationships; showing disdain for persons with lower cognitive ability.

So who is superior? In a battle of wits the higher cognitive ability prevails, but life is not a single encounter. It is a series of experiments in succession, each building upon the last. Learning requires knowing what you don’t know, and taking steps to learn what you need to. People with poor metacognitive ability never realize that they don’t ‘get it’. They also don’t realize what’s important.

This doesn’t preclude them from material success. But, perhaps that’s a poor measurement of intelligence as well. There are many people who become rich and successful by their cleverness and cognitive ability, but as human beings are quite mediocre. Is the man that makes a million dollars, but is cruel and abusive to his employees and family, really more intelligent than the poor man who lives a modest and loving life? I don’t intend to demonize wealth, only to state that it should not be the measure of virtue.

Use your metacognitive ability

So what do we know and what do we not? And how can we tell the difference? There is so much to know in the world that the most brilliant human minds can grasp only the tiniest fraction. For this reason we should always be in doubt of what we know. The closed mind is oblivious to its surroundings, while the open mind absorbs them. Like a sponge, it soaks up observations, becoming fuller and more robust.

But we can’t live in total doubt. If we did we would never act, paralyzed by our inadequate knowledge. We must trust our intuition. If something makes you feel a certain way, that feeling is real and must be respected. Act based on your own convictions, not those of others, and keep an open ear for new ideas.

The most important mental power is the ability to know what you don’t know. The recognition of a fault is the first step to improvement. Don’t try to hide a lack of knowledge. People will see through it and you’ll appear foolish and arrogant. If you admit your ignorance, people will help you learn and respect your humility. For intelligent people this is the toughest lesson to learn. We are used to being right, and consider being wrong shameful. We’re afraid to lose status by looking stupid. This vain arrogance is a great weakness and the source of many problems. To crush it and embrace humility is the mark of true wisdom.


GET THE BOOK BY
ERIN FALCONER!

Erin shows overscheduled, overwhelmed women how to do less so that they can achieve more. Traditional productivity books—written by men—barely touch the tangle of cultural pressures that women feel when facing down a to-do list. How to Get Sh*t Done will teach you how to zero in on the three areas of your life where you want to excel, and then it will show you how to off-load, outsource, or just stop giving a damn about the rest.

10 Responses to Learn to Understand Your Own Intelligence

  1. Williamverty says:

    Hi, here on the forum guys advised a cool Dating site, be sure to register – you will not REGRET it [url=https://bit.ly/34xtyfE]https://bit.ly/34xtyfE[/url]

  2. Tannsw says:

    form a contrast tv prices

    Realme X2 Pro Redmi [url=https://www.bestbrides.net/cookie-jarring-a-dating-trend-to-watch-out-by-ukraine-ladies/]Ukraine women[/url] K20 Realme XT Samsung Galaxy M21 Samsung Galaxy M31 Realme 6 Pro OnePlus 7 Pro iPhone 11 Pro Max Samsung Galaxy S10+ iPhone 11 Samsung Galaxy A50 Redmi K20 Pro Redmi Note 7 Samsung Galaxy A70 Mi Note 10 Vivo V17 Pro Redmi Note 8 Samsung Galaxy S10 Redmi Note 8 Pro Redmi K30 Pro Huawei P30 ProInfinix Hot 9 Pro OnePlus Z Motorola Moto G Pro Realme 6s Redmi 10X Pro 5G Redmi 10X 5G Samsung Galaxy M01 Vivo Y70s iQOO 3 Transformers special edition Redmi K30i 5G Realme X50 Pro Player Edition Oppo Reno 4 Pro Oppo Reno 4 Huawei Enjoy Z 5G Motorola One Fusion Motorola One Fusion+ Samsung Galaxy S20 Tactical Edition LG Q61 Honor X10 LG Stylo 6Aisen TV Akai TV BPL TV Belco TV Blackox TV Blaupunkt TV Candes TV CloudWalker TV Croma TV Daiwa TV Elogy TV Haier TV Hitachi TV Hyundai TV I Grasp TV Intex TV JVC TV Kevin TV Kodak TV Koryo TV LG TV Lloyd TV Maser TV Mi TV Micromax TV Mitashi TV Nacson TV Noble TV OG Heavy Duty TV Onida TV Panasonic TV Philips TV Polaroid TV SVL TV Samsung TV Sansui TV Sanyo TV Sharp TV Shinco TV Sony TV TCL TV Toshiba TV Truvison TV Videocon TV Vu TV Weston TV Wybor TV iFFalcon TVKerala’s New Liquor App ‘BevQ’ Goes Live on Google Play Store TikTok’s Rating Back to Normal as Google Removes Negative Reviews PUBG Mobile Teases to Bring ‘Mysterious Jungle’ Mode on June 1 Huami Amazfit T Rex Smartwatch Launching in India Next Month OnePlus 8 Series Sale in India Postponed, Special Sale Announced Instead Apple Enables Custom Configurations for Mac Computers in India PUBG Mobile May Be Getting a New Map Called Fourex Google thinking of buying Stake in Vodafone Idea: Report Vivo TWS Neo True Wireless Earphones from Official Site Realme Narzo 10A ReviewSpaceX Launch: How to see Crew Dragon Demo 2 Launch Live, Timings, jet pilots, And More alien: Galaxy Edge VR routine Announced, Set concerning the Last Jedi and The Rise of Skywalker Amazon to Offer Permanent Jobs to 125,000 Temp Hires Abu Dhabi condition Fund, Twitter Said to Be in Talks to purchase Jio Moto G8 Power Lite to Go on Sale Today at 12 Noon via Flipkart: costs in India, descriptions OnePlus 8 Special Limited Sale at 12pm Today: expenditure in India, Launch specials, More facebook Flags China Spokesman’s Tweet on COVID 19 Infinix Hot 9, Infinix Hot 9 Pro firing in India Today at 12 Noon: Expected criteria MobiKwik Removed From Google Play for Aarogya Setu Link in App: CEO BookMyShow sits Off, Furloughs 270 Employees as Lockdown Shuts Out of watching movies.

  3. the site to is a nice way of you to have new knowledge of life can help you so much so get it here by learning what I say
    we just enjoy the life of a lot of work problems and the family really love your sefl life
    카지노사이트

  4. the site to is a nice way of you to have new knowledge of life can help you so much so get it here by learning what I say
    we just enjoy the life of a lot of work problems and the family really love your sefl life
    바카라사이트추천

  5. try to blog that’s because you learn it here so you can enjoy it and you can say it’s really fun to get to my site
    I’m sure that your adolescence is because I know you to help me and you will not regret it because you try here so visit my site
    카지노사이트

  6. DevOps says:

    17012 245620Thank you for the sensible critique. Me and my neighbor were just preparing to do some research about this. We got a grab a book from our local library but I think I learned much more from this post. Im quite glad to see such great information being shared freely out there. 472970

  7. This was an awesome article. Thanks so much for writing it. I’ll return to see some more. tpe ラブドール https://yourdoll.jp

  8. PCA9556PW,112 is available. We are distributor of NXP Semiconductors / Freescale PCA9556PW,112. Buy PCA9556PW,112 IC I/O EXPANDER I2C 8B 16TSSOP.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.